Question about snake game aliensoldier Member Posts: 85 Threads: 16 Joined: Nov 2023 Reputation: 2 07-19-2024, 05:48 PM I have a question about the snake game. The snake's body is divided into small pieces and they follow the head. How can I make the pieces that make up the body follow the head of the snake when I move it? Marcus Administrator Posts: 316 Threads: 39 Joined: Nov 2023 Reputation: 3 07-20-2024, 09:23 AM (This post was last modified: 07-20-2024, 09:25 AM by Marcus.) Here's a port of an n6 example game. Hopefully you can find some clues by looking at the code   I don't remember why I implemented the game like this, and probably there are smarter ways. Code:```' Port of n6 example game. SNAKE_MAX_LENGTH = 30*40 UP = 1 DOWN = 2 LEFT = 3 RIGHT = 4 snake = dim(SNAKE_MAX_LENGTH, 2) level = dim(40, 30) set window "Smape", 320, 240, false, 2 set redraw off do     snakeLength = 1     snakeHead = 0     snakeDirection = 0     speed = 10     speedCounter = speed     snake[snakeHead][0] = 20     snake[snakeHead][1] = 15     for y = 0 to 29  for x = 0 to 39  level[x][y] = 0     gameOver = false     nextPlupTime = clock()     do         if clock() >= nextPlupTime             if rnd(3) = 0  level[rnd(40)][rnd(30)] = 2             else  level[rnd(40)][rnd(30)] = 1             nextPlupTime = clock() + 2000 + rnd(2000)         endif         if keydown(38) and snakeDirection <> DOWN  snakeDirection = UP         if keydown(40) and snakeDirection <> UP  snakeDirection = DOWN         if keydown(37) and snakeDirection <> RIGHT  snakeDirection = LEFT         if keydown(39) and snakeDirection <> LEFT  snakeDirection = RIGHT             speedCounter = speedCounter - 1         if speedCounter = 0             prev = snakeHead             if snakeDirection > 0  snakeHead = (snakeHead + 1)%SNAKE_MAX_LENGTH             speedCounter = speed             if snakeDirection = UP                 snake[snakeHead][0] = snake[prev][0]                 snake[snakeHead][1] = snake[prev][1] - 1             elseif snakeDirection = DOWN                 snake[snakeHead][0] = snake[prev][0]                 snake[snakeHead][1] = snake[prev][1] + 1             elseif snakeDirection = LEFT                 snake[snakeHead][0] = snake[prev][0] - 1                 snake[snakeHead][1] = snake[prev][1]             elseif snakeDirection = RIGHT                 snake[snakeHead][0] = snake[prev][0] + 1                 snake[snakeHead][1] = snake[prev][1]             endif             x = snake[snakeHead][0]             y = snake[snakeHead][1]             if x < 0 or x >= 40 or y < 0 or y >= 30                 gameOver = true             else                 if level[x][y] > 0                     snakeLength = snakeLength + 1                     if level[x][y] = 2  speed = max(speed - 1, 0)                     level[x][y] = 0                 endif             endif         endif         set color 0, 0, 0         cls         for y = 0 to 29             for x = 0 to 39                 if level[x][y] = 1                     set color 0, 255, 0                     draw rect x*8, y*8, 8, 8 , true                 elseif level[x][y] = 2                     set color 255, 0, 0                     draw rect x*8, y*8, 8, 8, true                 endif             next         next         set color 255, 255, 255         set caret 0, 0         x = snake[snakeHead][0]         y = snake[snakeHead][1]         for i = snakeHead to snakeHead - snakeLength + 1             j = i             if j < 0 then j = j + SNAKE_MAX_LENGTH             draw rect snake[j][0]*8, snake[j][1]*8, 8, 8, true             if i <> snakeHead                 if snake[j][0] = x and snake[j][1] = y then gameOver = true             endif         next         wait 10         redraw     until gameOver loop``` Attached Files   smape.n7 (Size: 3.14 KB / Downloads: 3) johnno56 Senior Member Posts: 304 Threads: 31 Joined: Nov 2023 Reputation: 3 07-20-2024, 10:46 AM (This post was last modified: 07-20-2024, 10:47 AM by johnno56.) Love the "classics"... Could not help myself... Added a few minor upgrades: Little bit of colour; Score/Hiscore; Quit level and restart (ESC); Quit game (Q).  Note: No external hiscore. Scoring has been modified. "Green" food is the normal 10 points. "Red" food is worth 100 points. Note: The speed of the snake will still increase... Moo Ha Ha Ha...   snake2.n7 (Size: 4.31 KB / Downloads: 3) Challenge: Sound and messages? J Logic is the beginning of wisdom. Marcus Administrator Posts: 316 Threads: 39 Joined: Nov 2023 Reputation: 3 07-20-2024, 12:42 PM (This post was last modified: 07-20-2024, 12:47 PM by Marcus.) (07-20-2024, 10:46 AM)johnno56 Wrote: Love the "classics"... Could not help myself... Added a few minor upgrades: Little bit of colour; Score/Hiscore; Quit level and restart (ESC); Quit game (Q).  Note: No external hiscore. Scoring has been modified. "Green" food is the normal 10 points. "Red" food is worth 100 points. Note: The speed of the snake will still increase... Moo Ha Ha Ha... Challenge: Sound and messages? J Would be interesting to modify the visuals so that the snake uses tiles with rounded corners where it turns etc. But I'm too busy with that game jam thing (right now I'm sitting on a bench at the mall though, not jamming at all, wife and youngest daughter running around in clothes stores ...). aliensoldier Member Posts: 85 Threads: 16 Joined: Nov 2023 Reputation: 2 07-20-2024, 06:50 PM (07-20-2024, 09:23 AM)Marcus Wrote: Here's a port of an n6 example game. Hopefully you can find some clues by looking at the code   I don't remember why I implemented the game like this, and probably there are smarter ways. Code:```' Port of n6 example game. SNAKE_MAX_LENGTH = 30*40 UP = 1 DOWN = 2 LEFT = 3 RIGHT = 4 snake = dim(SNAKE_MAX_LENGTH, 2) level = dim(40, 30) set window "Smape", 320, 240, false, 2 set redraw off do     snakeLength = 1     snakeHead = 0     snakeDirection = 0     speed = 10     speedCounter = speed     snake[snakeHead][0] = 20     snake[snakeHead][1] = 15     for y = 0 to 29  for x = 0 to 39  level[x][y] = 0     gameOver = false     nextPlupTime = clock()     do         if clock() >= nextPlupTime             if rnd(3) = 0  level[rnd(40)][rnd(30)] = 2             else  level[rnd(40)][rnd(30)] = 1             nextPlupTime = clock() + 2000 + rnd(2000)         endif         if keydown(38) and snakeDirection <> DOWN  snakeDirection = UP         if keydown(40) and snakeDirection <> UP  snakeDirection = DOWN         if keydown(37) and snakeDirection <> RIGHT  snakeDirection = LEFT         if keydown(39) and snakeDirection <> LEFT  snakeDirection = RIGHT             speedCounter = speedCounter - 1         if speedCounter = 0             prev = snakeHead             if snakeDirection > 0  snakeHead = (snakeHead + 1)%SNAKE_MAX_LENGTH             speedCounter = speed             if snakeDirection = UP                 snake[snakeHead][0] = snake[prev][0]                 snake[snakeHead][1] = snake[prev][1] - 1             elseif snakeDirection = DOWN                 snake[snakeHead][0] = snake[prev][0]                 snake[snakeHead][1] = snake[prev][1] + 1             elseif snakeDirection = LEFT                 snake[snakeHead][0] = snake[prev][0] - 1                 snake[snakeHead][1] = snake[prev][1]             elseif snakeDirection = RIGHT                 snake[snakeHead][0] = snake[prev][0] + 1                 snake[snakeHead][1] = snake[prev][1]             endif             x = snake[snakeHead][0]             y = snake[snakeHead][1]             if x < 0 or x >= 40 or y < 0 or y >= 30                 gameOver = true             else                 if level[x][y] > 0                     snakeLength = snakeLength + 1                     if level[x][y] = 2  speed = max(speed - 1, 0)                     level[x][y] = 0                 endif             endif         endif         set color 0, 0, 0         cls         for y = 0 to 29             for x = 0 to 39                 if level[x][y] = 1                     set color 0, 255, 0                     draw rect x*8, y*8, 8, 8 , true                 elseif level[x][y] = 2                     set color 255, 0, 0                     draw rect x*8, y*8, 8, 8, true                 endif             next         next         set color 255, 255, 255         set caret 0, 0         x = snake[snakeHead][0]         y = snake[snakeHead][1]         for i = snakeHead to snakeHead - snakeLength + 1             j = i             if j < 0 then j = j + SNAKE_MAX_LENGTH             draw rect snake[j][0]*8, snake[j][1]*8, 8, 8, true             if i <> snakeHead                 if snake[j][0] = x and snake[j][1] = y then gameOver = true             endif         next         wait 10         redraw     until gameOver loop```I'll see if I can understand the code where the body follows the head, thank you. Marcus Administrator Posts: 316 Threads: 39 Joined: Nov 2023 Reputation: 3 07-20-2024, 08:16 PM (This post was last modified: 07-20-2024, 09:57 PM by Marcus.) (07-20-2024, 06:50 PM)aliensoldier Wrote: (07-20-2024, 09:23 AM)Marcus Wrote: Here's a port of an n6 example game. Hopefully you can find some clues by looking at the code   I don't remember why I implemented the game like this, and probably there are smarter ways. Code:```' Port of n6 example game. SNAKE_MAX_LENGTH = 30*40 UP = 1 DOWN = 2 LEFT = 3 RIGHT = 4 snake = dim(SNAKE_MAX_LENGTH, 2) level = dim(40, 30) set window "Smape", 320, 240, false, 2 set redraw off do     snakeLength = 1     snakeHead = 0     snakeDirection = 0     speed = 10     speedCounter = speed     snake[snakeHead][0] = 20     snake[snakeHead][1] = 15     for y = 0 to 29  for x = 0 to 39  level[x][y] = 0     gameOver = false     nextPlupTime = clock()     do         if clock() >= nextPlupTime             if rnd(3) = 0  level[rnd(40)][rnd(30)] = 2             else  level[rnd(40)][rnd(30)] = 1             nextPlupTime = clock() + 2000 + rnd(2000)         endif         if keydown(38) and snakeDirection <> DOWN  snakeDirection = UP         if keydown(40) and snakeDirection <> UP  snakeDirection = DOWN         if keydown(37) and snakeDirection <> RIGHT  snakeDirection = LEFT         if keydown(39) and snakeDirection <> LEFT  snakeDirection = RIGHT             speedCounter = speedCounter - 1         if speedCounter = 0             prev = snakeHead             if snakeDirection > 0  snakeHead = (snakeHead + 1)%SNAKE_MAX_LENGTH             speedCounter = speed             if snakeDirection = UP                 snake[snakeHead][0] = snake[prev][0]                 snake[snakeHead][1] = snake[prev][1] - 1             elseif snakeDirection = DOWN                 snake[snakeHead][0] = snake[prev][0]                 snake[snakeHead][1] = snake[prev][1] + 1             elseif snakeDirection = LEFT                 snake[snakeHead][0] = snake[prev][0] - 1                 snake[snakeHead][1] = snake[prev][1]             elseif snakeDirection = RIGHT                 snake[snakeHead][0] = snake[prev][0] + 1                 snake[snakeHead][1] = snake[prev][1]             endif             x = snake[snakeHead][0]             y = snake[snakeHead][1]             if x < 0 or x >= 40 or y < 0 or y >= 30                 gameOver = true             else                 if level[x][y] > 0                     snakeLength = snakeLength + 1                     if level[x][y] = 2  speed = max(speed - 1, 0)                     level[x][y] = 0                 endif             endif         endif         set color 0, 0, 0         cls         for y = 0 to 29             for x = 0 to 39                 if level[x][y] = 1                     set color 0, 255, 0                     draw rect x*8, y*8, 8, 8 , true                 elseif level[x][y] = 2                     set color 255, 0, 0                     draw rect x*8, y*8, 8, 8, true                 endif             next         next         set color 255, 255, 255         set caret 0, 0         x = snake[snakeHead][0]         y = snake[snakeHead][1]         for i = snakeHead to snakeHead - snakeLength + 1             j = i             if j < 0 then j = j + SNAKE_MAX_LENGTH             draw rect snake[j][0]*8, snake[j][1]*8, 8, 8, true             if i <> snakeHead                 if snake[j][0] = x and snake[j][1] = y then gameOver = true             endif         next         wait 10         redraw     until gameOver loop```I'll see if I can understand the code where the body follows the head, thank you. I barely looked at the code. But I believe the snake "moves" through the 'snake' array. Every element in the array contains a position (x and y value). The snake's head is a moving index in the array. Every time the snake moves one step, the head index increases and a new position is added to the array. That way, the tail is always present as earlier indexes in the array. So if the length of the snake is 4, the positions drawn are those at snake[snakeHead], snake[snakeHead - 1] .. snake[snakeHead - 3]. Edit: The % operator is used to keep the indexes within the array size. When the snake head index reaches the end of the array it starts over at 0. The length of the array is exactly enough for the snake to cover the entire screen You can probably write smarter code that just stores the turns that the snake does or something. But that would require more complicated code ... I think aliensoldier Member Posts: 85 Threads: 16 Joined: Nov 2023 Reputation: 2 07-21-2024, 05:39 PM I don't understand the code very well, so I have prepared a small example to use as a basis for testing. In the example I have the player who is the head of the snake and I have the body which is the tail, the player moves with the keys and the body I have added to a list and I show three bodies at the moment. How do I make the body is in the player's position and moves with him like the tail of the snake. Code:```'prueba de cola de serpiente 'variables----------------------- visible player,list_body set window "serpiente",640,480,false set redraw off 'player----------------------------- function Player()     obj = []     obj.radius = 14     obj.x = 320 - obj.radius/2     obj.y = 240 - obj.radius/2     obj.speedX = 0     obj.speedY = 0     obj.Active = true         obj.update = function()         if this.Active = true             this.move()             this.Draw()         endif     endfunc         obj.Draw = function()         set color 255,204,0         draw ellipse this.x,this.y,this.radius,this.radius,true     endfunc         obj.move = function()        if keydown(KEY_RIGHT,false)         this.speedX = 2         this.speedY = 0        endif           if keydown(KEY_LEFT,false)         this.speedX = -2         this.speedY = 0           endif                 if keydown(KEY_UP,false)             this.speedX = 0             this.speedY = -2         endif         if keydown(KEY_DOWN,false)             this.speedX = 0             this.speedY = 2         endif                 this.x = this.x + this.speedX         this.y = this.y + this.speedY     endfunc         return obj endfunc 'end player-------------------------- 'body-------------------------------- function Body(x,y)     obj = []     obj.radius = 10     obj.x = x - obj.radius/2     obj.y = y - obj.radius/2         obj.update = function()         this.Draw()     endfunc         obj.Draw = function()         set color 255,0,204         draw ellipse this.x,this.y,this.radius,this.radius,true     endfunc         return obj endfunc 'end body---------------------------- 'iniciar variables------------------- player = Player() list_body = [] list_body[sizeof(list_body)] = Body(320,64) list_body[sizeof(list_body)] = Body(320-32,64) list_body[sizeof(list_body)] = Body(320-64,64) while not keydown(KEY_ESCAPE,true)     set color 0,0,0     cls         'actualizar objetos del juego-----------     player.update()     if sizeof(list_body)         for i = 0 to sizeof(list_body)-1             list_body[i].update()         next     endif     '---------------------------------------             fwait 60     redraw wend``` Marcus Administrator Posts: 316 Threads: 39 Joined: Nov 2023 Reputation: 3 08-08-2024, 01:53 PM (07-21-2024, 05:39 PM)aliensoldier Wrote: I don't understand the code very well, so I have prepared a small example to use as a basis for testing. In the example I have the player who is the head of the snake and I have the body which is the tail, the player moves with the keys and the body I have added to a list and I show three bodies at the moment. How do I make the body is in the player's position and moves with him like the tail of the snake. Code:```'prueba de cola de serpiente 'variables----------------------- visible player,list_body set window "serpiente",640,480,false set redraw off 'player----------------------------- function Player()     obj = []     obj.radius = 14     obj.x = 320 - obj.radius/2     obj.y = 240 - obj.radius/2     obj.speedX = 0     obj.speedY = 0     obj.Active = true         obj.update = function()         if this.Active = true             this.move()             this.Draw()         endif     endfunc         obj.Draw = function()         set color 255,204,0         draw ellipse this.x,this.y,this.radius,this.radius,true     endfunc         obj.move = function()        if keydown(KEY_RIGHT,false)         this.speedX = 2         this.speedY = 0        endif           if keydown(KEY_LEFT,false)         this.speedX = -2         this.speedY = 0           endif                 if keydown(KEY_UP,false)             this.speedX = 0             this.speedY = -2         endif         if keydown(KEY_DOWN,false)             this.speedX = 0             this.speedY = 2         endif                 this.x = this.x + this.speedX         this.y = this.y + this.speedY     endfunc         return obj endfunc 'end player-------------------------- 'body-------------------------------- function Body(x,y)     obj = []     obj.radius = 10     obj.x = x - obj.radius/2     obj.y = y - obj.radius/2         obj.update = function()         this.Draw()     endfunc         obj.Draw = function()         set color 255,0,204         draw ellipse this.x,this.y,this.radius,this.radius,true     endfunc         return obj endfunc 'end body---------------------------- 'iniciar variables------------------- player = Player() list_body = [] list_body[sizeof(list_body)] = Body(320,64) list_body[sizeof(list_body)] = Body(320-32,64) list_body[sizeof(list_body)] = Body(320-64,64) while not keydown(KEY_ESCAPE,true)     set color 0,0,0     cls         'actualizar objetos del juego-----------     player.update()     if sizeof(list_body)         for i = 0 to sizeof(list_body)-1             list_body[i].update()         next     endif     '---------------------------------------             fwait 60     redraw wend``` Sorry, I totally forgot about your question. I'll have a look at it right away! Marcus Administrator Posts: 316 Threads: 39 Joined: Nov 2023 Reputation: 3 08-08-2024, 02:56 PM (This post was last modified: 08-08-2024, 03:19 PM by Marcus.) Code:```'prueba de cola de serpiente ' Marcus: You can remove this, just checking some things. #dbg 'variables----------------------- ' Marcus: I think list_body should belong to player ================================================ 'visible player,list_body visible player ' ================================================================================================== set window "serpiente",640,480,false set redraw off 'player----------------------------- function Player()     obj = []     obj.radius = 14     obj.x = 320 - obj.radius/2     obj.y = 240 - obj.radius/2     obj.speedX = 0     obj.speedY = 0     obj.Active = true     ' Marcus: Putting body list here and a list of recorded head positions =========================     obj.bodyList = []     obj.positions = []     ' ==============================================================================================         ' Marcus: Add one body part to player ==========================================================     obj.AddBody = function()         body = Body(0, 0)         this.bodyList[sizeof(this.bodyList)] = body         ' Not sure when AddBody might be called, so calling UpdateBody here too.         this.UpdateBody()     endfunc     ' ==============================================================================================       obj.update = function()         if this.Active = true             this.move()             ' Marcus: Reposition body parts ========================================================             this.UpdateBody()             ' ======================================================================================             this.Draw()         endif     endfunc         ' Marcus: Set body parts' positions ============================================================     obj.UpdateBody = function()         if sizeof(this.bodyList)             ' We position the body parts one after one, starting with the one closest to the head.             ' dist is the calculated travel distance between the head and the current body part.             ' Initiate it to the radius of the head.             dist = this.radius             for i = 0 to sizeof(this.bodyList) - 1                 b = this.bodyList[i]                 ' Add radius of body part to dist.                 dist = dist + b.radius                 ' Divide dist by the speed of the snake to convert the traveled distance to an                 ' index in the position list. Use 'min' to make sure it's not outside the list.                 index = min(int(dist/2), sizeof(this.positions) - 1)                 if index >= 0                     ' Convert single number coordinates to x and y.                     'b.y = int(this.positions[index]/width(primary))                     'b.x = int(this.positions[index]%width(primary))                     b.x = this.positions[index][0]                     b.y = this.positions[index][1]                 else                     ' No recorded positions, put at head position.                     b.x = this.x                     b.y = this.y                 endif                 ' Add radius of body part to dist.                 dist = dist + b.radius             next         endif     endfunc     ' ==============================================================================================       obj.Draw = function()         ' Marcus: Draw body parts ==================================================================         if sizeof(this.bodyList)             for i = 0 to sizeof(this.bodyList) - 1  this.bodyList[i].Draw()         endif         ' ==========================================================================================         set color 255,204,0         draw ellipse this.x,this.y,this.radius,this.radius,true     endfunc       obj.move = function()       if keydown(KEY_RIGHT,false)         this.speedX = 2         this.speedY = 0       endif        if keydown(KEY_LEFT,false)         this.speedX = -2         this.speedY = 0        endif               if keydown(KEY_UP,false)             this.speedX = 0             this.speedY = -2         endif         if keydown(KEY_DOWN,false)             this.speedX = 0             this.speedY = 2         endif                 ' Marcus: Save previous position ===========================================================         if this.speedX or this.speedY             ' I store the position, x and y, as a single number.             'insert this.positions, 0, this.y*width(primary) + this.x             insert this.positions, 0, [this.x, this.y]             ' Store only 5000 positions for now, might have to increase it depending on how long             ' the snake can become.             if sizeof(this.positions) > 5000  free key this.positions, 5000         endif         ' ==========================================================================================               this.x = this.x + this.speedX         this.y = this.y + this.speedY     endfunc       return obj endfunc 'end player-------------------------- 'body-------------------------------- function Body(x,y)     obj = []     obj.radius = 10     obj.x = x - obj.radius/2     obj.y = y - obj.radius/2       obj.update = function()         this.Draw()     endfunc       obj.Draw = function()         set color 255,0,204         draw ellipse this.x,this.y,this.radius,this.radius,true     endfunc       return obj endfunc 'end body---------------------------- 'iniciar variables------------------- player = Player() list_body = [] list_body[sizeof(list_body)] = Body(320,64) list_body[sizeof(list_body)] = Body(320-32,64) list_body[sizeof(list_body)] = Body(320-64,64) while not keydown(KEY_ESCAPE,true)     set color 0,0,0     cls         if keydown(KEY_SPACE, true)  player.AddBody()       'actualizar objetos del juego-----------     player.update()     if sizeof(list_body)         for i = 0 to sizeof(list_body)-1             list_body[i].update()         next     endif     '---------------------------------------         ' Marcus: Some debug output ====================================================================     set color 255, 255, 255     set caret 0, 0     wln "PRESS SPACE BAR TO ADD BODY PARTS"     wln     wln "bodyparts: " + sizeof(player.bodyList)     wln "recorded positions: " + sizeof(player.positions)     ' ==============================================================================================           fwait 60     redraw wend``` I've marked my changes with "Marcus" This solution is probably not very good. The head's position is always recorded into a list, player.positions. Currently I store a maximum of 5000 positions, which covers a snake length of 10,000 pixels (because the speed of the snake is 2). Then I "simply" position the body parts, using the list of recorded positions, in player.UpdateBody. Press space bar to add body parts. Edit But as with the other snake code I posted, this is NOT a very smart solution. It should be enough to store the positions where the player turns, and then use the distance between the head and these points to calculate the positions of the body parts. aliensoldier Member Posts: 85 Threads: 16 Joined: Nov 2023 Reputation: 2 08-10-2024, 12:06 PM (08-08-2024, 02:56 PM)Marcus Wrote: Code:```'prueba de cola de serpiente ' Marcus: You can remove this, just checking some things. #dbg 'variables----------------------- ' Marcus: I think list_body should belong to player ================================================ 'visible player,list_body visible player ' ================================================================================================== set window "serpiente",640,480,false set redraw off 'player----------------------------- function Player()     obj = []     obj.radius = 14     obj.x = 320 - obj.radius/2     obj.y = 240 - obj.radius/2     obj.speedX = 0     obj.speedY = 0     obj.Active = true     ' Marcus: Putting body list here and a list of recorded head positions =========================     obj.bodyList = []     obj.positions = []     ' ==============================================================================================         ' Marcus: Add one body part to player ==========================================================     obj.AddBody = function()         body = Body(0, 0)         this.bodyList[sizeof(this.bodyList)] = body         ' Not sure when AddBody might be called, so calling UpdateBody here too.         this.UpdateBody()     endfunc     ' ==============================================================================================       obj.update = function()         if this.Active = true             this.move()             ' Marcus: Reposition body parts ========================================================             this.UpdateBody()             ' ======================================================================================             this.Draw()         endif     endfunc         ' Marcus: Set body parts' positions ============================================================     obj.UpdateBody = function()         if sizeof(this.bodyList)             ' We position the body parts one after one, starting with the one closest to the head.             ' dist is the calculated travel distance between the head and the current body part.             ' Initiate it to the radius of the head.             dist = this.radius             for i = 0 to sizeof(this.bodyList) - 1                 b = this.bodyList[i]                 ' Add radius of body part to dist.                 dist = dist + b.radius                 ' Divide dist by the speed of the snake to convert the traveled distance to an                 ' index in the position list. Use 'min' to make sure it's not outside the list.                 index = min(int(dist/2), sizeof(this.positions) - 1)                 if index >= 0                     ' Convert single number coordinates to x and y.                     'b.y = int(this.positions[index]/width(primary))                     'b.x = int(this.positions[index]%width(primary))                     b.x = this.positions[index][0]                     b.y = this.positions[index][1]                 else                     ' No recorded positions, put at head position.                     b.x = this.x                     b.y = this.y                 endif                 ' Add radius of body part to dist.                 dist = dist + b.radius             next         endif     endfunc     ' ==============================================================================================       obj.Draw = function()         ' Marcus: Draw body parts ==================================================================         if sizeof(this.bodyList)             for i = 0 to sizeof(this.bodyList) - 1  this.bodyList[i].Draw()         endif         ' ==========================================================================================         set color 255,204,0         draw ellipse this.x,this.y,this.radius,this.radius,true     endfunc       obj.move = function()       if keydown(KEY_RIGHT,false)         this.speedX = 2         this.speedY = 0       endif        if keydown(KEY_LEFT,false)         this.speedX = -2         this.speedY = 0        endif               if keydown(KEY_UP,false)             this.speedX = 0             this.speedY = -2         endif         if keydown(KEY_DOWN,false)             this.speedX = 0             this.speedY = 2         endif                 ' Marcus: Save previous position ===========================================================         if this.speedX or this.speedY             ' I store the position, x and y, as a single number.             'insert this.positions, 0, this.y*width(primary) + this.x             insert this.positions, 0, [this.x, this.y]             ' Store only 5000 positions for now, might have to increase it depending on how long             ' the snake can become.             if sizeof(this.positions) > 5000  free key this.positions, 5000         endif         ' ==========================================================================================               this.x = this.x + this.speedX         this.y = this.y + this.speedY     endfunc       return obj endfunc 'end player-------------------------- 'body-------------------------------- function Body(x,y)     obj = []     obj.radius = 10     obj.x = x - obj.radius/2     obj.y = y - obj.radius/2       obj.update = function()         this.Draw()     endfunc       obj.Draw = function()         set color 255,0,204         draw ellipse this.x,this.y,this.radius,this.radius,true     endfunc       return obj endfunc 'end body---------------------------- 'iniciar variables------------------- player = Player() list_body = [] list_body[sizeof(list_body)] = Body(320,64) list_body[sizeof(list_body)] = Body(320-32,64) list_body[sizeof(list_body)] = Body(320-64,64) while not keydown(KEY_ESCAPE,true)     set color 0,0,0     cls         if keydown(KEY_SPACE, true)  player.AddBody()       'actualizar objetos del juego-----------     player.update()     if sizeof(list_body)         for i = 0 to sizeof(list_body)-1             list_body[i].update()         next     endif     '---------------------------------------         ' Marcus: Some debug output ====================================================================     set color 255, 255, 255     set caret 0, 0     wln "PRESS SPACE BAR TO ADD BODY PARTS"     wln     wln "bodyparts: " + sizeof(player.bodyList)     wln "recorded positions: " + sizeof(player.positions)     ' ==============================================================================================           fwait 60     redraw wend``` I've marked my changes with "Marcus" This solution is probably not very good. The head's position is always recorded into a list, player.positions. Currently I store a maximum of 5000 positions, which covers a snake length of 10,000 pixels (because the speed of the snake is 2). Then I "simply" position the body parts, using the list of recorded positions, in player.UpdateBody. Press space bar to add body parts. Edit  But as with the other snake code I posted, this is NOT a very smart solution. It should be enough to store the positions where the player turns, and then use the distance between the head and these points to calculate the positions of the body parts. Thanks Marcus, I'll see if I understand this better. Although I don't really want to program the snake game, what I wanted to do is have some planes follow another one. It's in those airplane games where there is a group of planes that move in circles and they all do it together. « Next Oldest | Next Newest »